Somalia has been identified as among the world’s top 10 countries affected by terrorism, according to the Global Terrorism Index.
The East-African country has battled with conflict since the overthrow of Major General Muhammad Siad Barre during a civil war 1991.
Terrorist group al-Shabab continues to contribute to conflict and instability in the country.
Every year since 2007, al-Shabab, in its attempt to establish an Islamic state in Somalia, has been responsible for attacks on civilians, the government and its allies.
In 2013, the number of estimated al-Shabab fighters was estimated to vary between 3000 to more than 7000, according to Global Security.